Third-world military expenditure and arms production

by Robert E. Looney

Publisher: Macmillan in Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire

Written in English
Published: Pages: 242 Downloads: 994
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  • Developing countries


  • Developing countries -- Armed Forces -- Appropriations and expenditures.

Edition Notes

StatementRobert E. Looney ; foreword by Robert L. West.
LC ClassificationsUA17 .L66x 1988b
The Physical Object
Paginationxxxi, 242 p. :
Number of Pages242
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL2136127M
ISBN 100333445333
LC Control Number88202615

This 28th edition of World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers (WMEAT) is the second published by the Department of State following the integration with the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, the previous publisher. The report covers the years through - that is, the end of the Cold War and its aftermath. In , Nicaragua allocated per cent of government spending to the military, Mozambique spent 38 per cent, El Salvador per cent, Ethiopia per cent and Iran per cent. In most cases, arms purchases meant military expenditure had to be . The statistic shows total U.S. arms exports in the years to expressed in TIV. The TIV is based on the known unit production costs of a core set of weapons and is intended to represent. Elsevier, pp. [This chapter reviews the literature on the effects of military expenditure in developing countries]. Harris G. (). Military expenditure, arms imports and third world debt during the s, Journal of Interdisciplinary Economics 7, pp. [This article estimates that military imports were the equivalent.

  Scholars traditionally have focused on arms as a means of deterring, initiating, maintaining, or terminating international war. Indeed, based on the assumption that a coercive military response is required if security is to be preserved, arms are widely viewed as an instrument of defense from external threat. 4 Richard A. Bitzinger, ‘Towards a Brave New Arms Industry’, Adelphi Paper (London: International Institute of Strategic Studies, May ). 5 Jurgen Brauer and J. Paul Dunne, Arming the South: The Economics of Military Expenditure, Arms Production and Arms Trade in Developing Countries (New York: Palgrave, May ), pp. 6 Ron. World military expenditure in is estimated to have been $ billion, representing per cent of global gross domestic product or $ for each person (see section I and the tables in section VI of this chapter). The total is about per cent lower in real terms than in   Vatican City — Human health, peace, security and progress would be better served with a complete end to the production of weapons worldwide, said .

World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers, edition Introduction This edition of World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers (WMEAT), WMEAT , published in December , covers the eleven-year period from through WMEAT responds to a statutory requirement, codified at 22 USC b, that the U.S. World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers, edition Introduction This edition of World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers (WMEAT), WMEAT , published in December , covers the eleven-year period from the beginning of through the end of The Political Economy of Military Spending in Israel - Volume 83 Issue 2 - Alex Mintz, Michael D. Ward Skip to main content Accessibility help We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites.   Download the Report The shifts in Saudi Arabia's power structure that have taken place since King Salman came to power in January have created a new set of Saudi priorities for shaping Saudi Arabia's future. These new priorities have led to major changes in Saudi Arabia’s national security structure and leadership, and to calls for major social and economic reform.

Third-world military expenditure and arms production by Robert E. Looney Download PDF EPUB FB2

Third-World Military Expenditure and Arms Production. Authors (view affiliations) Robert E. Looney; Book. 14 Search within book. Front Matter. Pages i-xxxi. PDF. Comparative Analysis. Front Matter. Pages PDF. Impact of Indigenous Arms Production on Third-World Military Expenditures.

Robert E. Looney. Pages Impact of Military. : Third-World Military Expenditure and Arms Production (): Looney, Robert E: BooksCited by: ISBN: OCLC Number: Description: xxxi, pages: illustrations ; 23 cm: Contents: Impact of indigenous arms production on Third World military expenditures; impact of military expenditures on Third World debt; impact of arms production on Third World distribution and growth; macroeconomic impacts of Third World arms production.

Get this from a library. Third World military expenditure and arms production. [Robert E Looney]. Third-World Military Expenditure and Arms Production.

Authors: Looney, Robert E Free Preview. Domestic arms production in the Third World is today growing faster than military expenditures or arms imports. The main motive is the political quest for independence from foreign suppliers. The ability to produce arms is determined by economic factors, such as the size and scope of the industrial base, the availability of funds and the size of the market.

Looney R.E. () Impact of Indigenous Arms Production on Third-World Military Expenditures. In: Third-World Military Expenditure and Arms Production.

Palgrave Macmillan, London. The “World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers” (WMEAT) series of publications is designed to be a convenient reference on annual military expenditures, arms transfers, armed forces, selected economic data, and relative indicators consisting of pertinent military-economic ratios.

The aim is to provide the arms control and international security community with useful, comprehensive. Arms Transfer Limitations and Third World Security completes SIPRI's trilogy on the facts and implications of Third World buildups of major conventional weapons.

It is a companion to the two SIPRI volumes Arms Production in the Third World () and Arms Transfers to the Third World. After marked reductions in military spending in the s military budgets around the world are on the increase. In this book, renowned authorities re-examine the economics of military expenditure, arms production and arms trade in developing nations.

It includes analysis of military spending in. The Role of Economic Environments in Affecting Third World Military Expenditures; II. Third World Defense Expenditures and Economic Growth in the s; III. Military Keynesianism in the Third World: An Assessment of Non-military Motivations for Arms Production; IV.

The Impact of Regime Type of Third World Defense Allocations; V. The history of the United States from until includes the last year of the Jimmy Carter presidency, eight years of the Ronald Reagan administration, and the first three years of the George H.

Bush presidency, up to the collapse of the Soviet d by the Iran hostage crisis, runaway inflation, and mounting domestic opposition, Carter lost the presidential election to.

St Martin's Press, ); Looney, Third World Military Expenditures and Arms Production; Murdoch, Pi and Sandler, 'The Impact of Defense and Non-Defense Public Spending on. Third-world military expenditure and arms production: Robert E. Looney: Books - or: Robert E. Looney.

The White House’s own book-length summary of the overall budget reveal that the Trump administration is requesting $20 billion more for military programs than for all the other federal programs. military expenditures as a percentage of GNP, per capita military expenditures, military participation ratio, and arms imports serve as indicators of militarization.

Implications and Alternatives. Country Comparison:: Military expenditures Download Military expenditures compares spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP; calculated on an exchange rate basis).

Three recent books by three experts on defence economics analyse the economic impact of military expenditure on economic growth and development in Less Developed Countries (LDCs).

Saadet Deger's theoretical economic analysis betrays a strong bias against militarism and militarization in. Book Reviews MILITARY EXPENDITURES IN THIRD WORLD COUNTRIES THE ECONOMIC EFFECTS.

By Saadet Deger. London: Routledge & Keegen Paul, Pp. War, territorial rivalry, superpower proxy conflicts and counterinsur-gencies have all fueled a rapid growth in the military expenditures by Third World countries over the last three decades.

Although China is a major arms exporter, it tends to import an almost equal amount of weapons as well. An interesting side effect of China’s military spending has been a concurrent increase in defense spending by surrounding countries, including Vietnam and Japan.

China also has the biggest active military in the world with 2, soldiers. The Iran-Iraq War were one of the longest and most devastating uninterrupted wars amongst modern nation states. It produced neither victor nor vanquished and left the regimes in both countries basically intact.

However, it is clear that the domestic, regional and international repercussions of the war mean that 'going back' is not an option. Military expenditure (% of GDP) Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security.

License: Use and distribution of these data are subject to Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) terms and conditions. Profound changes are occurring in the structure of arms production in Western Europe.

Concentration is increasing at a fast pace. Small producers are disappearing and even large ones are opting out of the market. The various national arms industries, long operating in protective environments, are rapidly internationalizing.

Three factors combine to bring about this change: East-West detente. Forty years ago, arms production in the Middle East was limited to a few small factories producing rifles and ammunition. Today, arms production has become a very big business in the region, with annual output worth more than $4 billion and rising.

Of the 23 Third World countries with extensive military production, five are in the Middle East. One Middle Eastern state, Israel, is the largest.

InU.S. military expenditure increased by almost % to $ billion.   China increased its military spending by %, India increased its spending by %, Russia increased it.

After marked reductions in military spending in the s military budgets around the world are on the increase. In this book, renowned authorities re-examine the economics of military expenditure, arms production and arms trade in developing : Hardcover. The arms industry, also known as the arms trade, is a global industry which manufactures and sells weapons and military technology, and is a major component of the military–industrial consists of a commercial industry involved in the research and development, engineering, production, and servicing of military material, equipment, and facilities.

The twin objectives of this book are to identity the determinants and to explore the implications of Third World military expenditure. Beginning with a descriptive profile of Third World military expenditure, the study uses cross-national and longitudinal data to explore the determinants and implications across a range of issues areas.

On the basis of this analysis, the book concludes with an. Military expenditure Chapter: 4. Military expenditure Source: SIPRI Yearbook Author(s): Nan Tian.

World military expenditure is estimated to have been $ billion inaccounting for per cent of world gross domestic product (GDP) or $ per person (see section I).Total expenditure grew for the second consecutive year and exceeded $ trillion for the first time; it was   THE biggest growth sector in the world economy is military spending.

Unlike other growth sectors, however, the rapidly growing military production and international arms. The US domestic arms market is one in which influence peddling in the form of unlimited campaign contributions, lobbying, and a 2-way revolving door, is entirely legal, and where lawmakers frequently add money to the DOD’s budget request to generate extra spending in their districts, so there is little incentive to take the risks that come.

The results of this stratification can be seen in the small percentage of arms sold by the Third World in the latter half of the s. According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, the top 15 arms exporters to the Third World in the period sold a total of $ billion worth of weapons.

Peter B. Mayer, in Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, & Conflict (Second Edition), Impact of military spending on social welfare. The impact of military spending on trends in infant mortality, a particularly sensitive marker of national development and well-being, has been studied by a number of scholars.